During the 1940s our servicemen who were killed in action in New Guinea were concentrated in three major war cemeteries at Port Moresby (Bomana), at Rabaul (Bita Paka), and at Lae.
Those who died fighting in Papua and Bougainville are buried in the Port Moresby (Bomana) War Cemetery. Among the 3280 burials are the remains of 700 unidentified servicemen including those of 438 British Royal Artillerymen, prisoners of the Japanese from Singapore who died in captivity in the Solomon Islands.
Bomana lies 19 kilometres north of Port Moresby. It was started in 1942 by the Australian Army and is the only one of the Papua New Guinea cemeteries to contain white marble headstones and a Stone of Remembrance.
Simple wrought iron gates open to a grassed forecourt inclosed by a bank of colourful tropical shrubs and trees. A short flight of steps rises from the forecourt to the Stone of Remembrance; beyond, on gently rising ground, lie the graves, and above them, dominating the setting, rises the cross of sacrifice.
A rotunda of cylindrical pillars stands on a hill above and behind the cemetery. This is the Memorial to the Missing, which commemorates the men of the Australian Army (including Papua and New Guinea local forces), the Australian Merchant Navy, and the Royal Australian Air Force who lost their lives and have no known grave.